WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY SENSORY IMPAIRMENT?

WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY SENSORY IMPAIRMENT?

‘Sensory impairment’ or ‘sensory loss’ are umbrella terms used to describe loss of the distance senses i.e. sight and hearing.

There are three very different groups within sensory impairment:

SIGHT IMPAIRMENT/
VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

HEARING IMPAIRMENT

DUAL SENSORY LOSS

WHO IS AFFECTED AND HOW?

WHO IS AFFECTED AND HOW?

SIGHT IMPAIRMENT/VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

SIGHT IMPAIRMENT/VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

TOTAL WESTERN BAY POPULATION ESTIMATED TO BE LIVING WITH SIGHT LOSS

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR PARTIALLY SIGHTED IN WESTERN BAY

People with sight loss are 1.7 times more likely to have a fall and 1.9 times more likely to have multiple falls.

Smokers double their risk of developing eye conditions and earlier than non-smokers.

Obesity has been linked to several eye conditions including cataracts.

People from African/African-Carribean populations are considerably more at risk of developing glaucoma and have a higher risk of developing age related macular degeneration.

People from Asian populations are at higher risk of cataracts.

An estimated 60% of stroke survivors have some sort of visual dysfunction following a stroke.

Adults with learning difficulties are far more likely to be visually impaired than the general population.

HEARING IMPAIRMENT

HEARING IMPAIRMENT

PREDICTED HEARING IMPAIRMENT AMONGST CHILDREN

It is anticipated that the numbers of children with hearing impairment will increase slightly over time due to the projected modest increase in the number of people in younger age groups in the Western Bay area.

WESTERN BAY

2015

2030

2015

BRIDGEND

52

NEATH PORT TALBOT

51

SWANSEA

84

2030

BRIDGEND

58

NEATH PORT TALBOT

56

SWANSEA

92

PROJECTED HEARING IMPAIRMENT AMONGST ADULTS

It is estimated that 4% of the working age population in Wales wear hearing aids or are profoundly deaf. The rate at which hearing impairment occurs, increases very significantly by age. The vast majority of people with hearing loss are elderly. The growth in the expected numbers of adults expected to experience a hearing impairment could be attributed to the growth in the population aged 65 and over.

WESTERN BAY

2015

2030

2015

BRIDGEND

15289

NEATH PORT TALBOT

15575

SWANSEA

25907

2030

BRIDGEND

21026

NEATH PORT TALBOT

19763

SWANSEA

33042

Babies will be at risk fo failing to develop language skills and of low educational attainment if their hearing impairment goes undetected.

Prevalence of hearing impairment may be higher in Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) communities, particularly in more recent migrants from countries with low levels of immunisations against conditions such as rubella.

Environmental factors are linked to greater risk of hearing impairment such as loud noise or direct head trauma.

People with hearing loss are highly likely to have problems such as tinnitus and balance disorders.

People with hearing loss may also have other additional disabilities or long term health conditions that limit their daily activities such as arthritis and mobility problems.

DUAL SENSORY LOSS

DUAL SENSORY LOSS

NUMBER OF PEOPLE SEVERELY SIGHT IMPAIRED WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT OF ALL AGES

WESTERN BAY ( 2014 – 2015 )

BRIDGEND

%

NEATH PORT TALBOT

%

SWANSEA

%

NUMBER OF PEOPLE SEVERELY SIGHT IMPAIRED WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT AGED 65+

WESTERN BAY ( 2014 – 2015 )

BRIDGEND

%

NEATH PORT TALBOT

%

SWANSEA

%

THINGS PEOPLE TOLD US THAT MATTER TO THEM

THINGS PEOPLE TOLD US THAT MATTER TO THEM

WHO IS RECEIVING HELP AND WHAT SUPPORT IS AVAILABLE?

WHO IS RECEIVING HELP AND WHAT SUPPORT IS AVAILABLE?

Habilitation services for children and young people:

– Sensory Support Teams in each local authority

– Specialist sensory teachers and pupil welfare workers

– ABMU Health Board Audiology and Eye Clinics

– Resource Suite at Trem Y Mor Resource Centre in Bridgend

Sensory Support Teams in each local authorities providing support to children and adults including functional assessments, communication and practical skills, benefits advice, rehabilitation and habilitation. The service also provides equipment to enable independent living.

– Specialist sensory teachers and pupil welfare workers for educational support.

– ABMU ‘Take Time for Yourself Team’ , promoting the importance of making health care information and communication accessible to patients who are deaf, hard of hearing, blind, partially sighted or have dual sensory loss.

– ABMU health Board Audiology and Eye Clinics providing assessment and rehabilitation to children, young people and adults.

– Third sector services including a drama group, swimming club and Deafblind Cymru Support Group.

– Resource Suite at Trem Y Mor Resource Centre in Bridgend , offering a range of support services including Braille classes, assessments and provision of environmental aids, demonstrations of equipment such as telephones, IT software, IPads etc , mobility and kitchen skills workshops with peer support group sessions.

– Also in Bridgend there is a Hearing Impairment Team providing weekly support groups for children with hearing loss and their parents/carers.

WHAT CHANGES DO WE NEED TO PLAN FOR?

WHAT CHANGES DO WE NEED TO PLAN FOR?

DOWNLOAD THE CHAPTER/PDF FOR MORE INFORMATION

DOWNLOAD THE CHAPTER/PDF FOR MORE INFORMATION

© – Western Bay Programme
Tel/Ffôn: 01792 633805
western.bay@swansea.gov.uk